Design Principles for a Kitchen Interior

Be it an antique dinner plate collection or decorative bottles, open shelves can make a stunning display. Rotate your decor regularly to freshen up its appearance and keep things interesting!

Ton-on-tone color schemes work exceptionally well in kitchens, and Whittney Parkinson of Parkson Designs created an inviting eat-in area by layering neutral hues. She even covered a banquette cushion in an eye-catching splatterwork fabric.

Focal Points

Focal points in rooms should grab and keep your attention, drawing you deeper into the space. A focal point can be decorative, statement piece, or simply an accent piece; whatever draws attention should also adhere to design principles such as balance, symmetry, scale and contrast.

Kitchen islands can often serve as the centerpiece of any kitchen, providing space to both cook and socialize with family and friends alike – often becoming the focal point for gatherings within the home.

Focus points can also be created using eye-catching colors in the form of backsplash or paint. Bold splashes of color add an attractive and energetic element to any kitchen space.

Your kitchen’s breathtaking view can serve as the ideal focal point. By adding decorative window treatments or open shelving units, this area will have added visual interest without blocking out natural light.


Form of a KitchenThe form of a kitchen refers to its overall structure and layout of cabinets, appliances and other kitchen features. There are six basic shapes to consider when planning and designing your own kitchen space; each offers specific advantages that can help improve productivity while simultaneously creating more storage space for items you use regularly.

Simple design rules help you plan a functional kitchen in any space. For instance, when placing your refrigerator near your sink, allow sufficient aisle clearance so you can move seamlessly from point A to B of the work triangle without stepping on anything.

An intentional symmetrical arrangement creates a soothing environment when entering any space, such as this U-shaped kitchen from Cathie Hong Interiors that makes use of every corner and cranny with wraparound cabinetry from floor to ceiling and an island that serves both as prep station and eating center. A palette of pale grays and whites with mixed metal accents keeps it looking contemporary while Heidi Caillier used open shelves to display the homeowner’s collection of blue midcentury serve ware and china and add a pop of color into this contemporary space.


Kitchens are rooms or areas used to store, prepare and cook food within a home. In addition to this purpose, they may also be used for dining, entertaining and laundry activities. A typical middle-class residential kitchen typically consists of a stove, sink with hot and cold running water running continuously from both taps, a refrigerator and worktops arranged according to a modular design scheme.

An efficient kitchen interior must allow for efficient workflows and avoid unneeded walkways. A thoughtful layout enables workers to complete tasks uninterrupted even when two points from the classic work triangle – sink, stove and refrigerator – are in use simultaneously.

Symmetry in kitchen design is key, and should be evident in the sizes of cabinets, shelves and appliances. Doing this helps avoid disorganization or too much clutter in the space while creating a cohesive look throughout. Otherwise, doors could open incorrectly or collide into each other – prevent these mistakes by taking proper measurements beforehand!


By following design principles, you can craft a kitchen interior that is both aesthetically pleasing and functionally sound. For instance, balance emphasizes a consistent visual weight throughout a room so when entering it feels centered and composed; and symmetry involves placing elements symmetrically in a way that pleases the eye – for instance placing matching dining chairs around a custom kitchen table to achieve balance and create a harmonious appearance.

Selecting appropriate kitchen wall colors, creating an eye-catching gallery wall or selecting beautiful wallpaper designs are great ways to give your kitchen its own individual personality without extensive remodeling efforts. These finishing touches can transform it from showroom piece into the heart of the home.

Proper sizing in kitchen design refers to the sizes of individual elements within a space. For instance, Fantastic Frank’s moody modern kitchen features cabinets which are perfectly scaled so they fit together elegantly, creating a clean and streamlined atmosphere despite using various materials in its construction.

Roberta O'Reilly

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